In 2050, more than 86% of the world population will live in a city. This growth raises major challenges in relation to individual and public mobility, physical security of persons and infrastructures, resource and waste management, urban development and the life quality of citizens. The objective of this research programme is to provide responses to these challenges by basing itself on the possibilities of the newest information and communication technologies. As the whole of contemporary human settlement is an extremely rich life place, the initial phase of research programme will consider primarily important events (for ex., festivals, political summits, sports events, etc.) and perceive them as an "essence" of urbanism. Particularly, the mobility optimisation, physical security, resource and waste management, as well as the urban planning are city-related issues that present themselves on a smaller scale during big events and are therefore more easily observable and measurable. Next phases of the programme will consequently allow for the transposition of obtained results on a larger scale.
The principal objective of this 4-year research programme is to establish a technological “spine” of this new urban space, based on the paradigm patterned on the Internet of Things (IoT). It equally aims at advancing the state of the art of this technology that still raises a lot of challenges. Most importantly, it is the issues related to security, trust and the protection of private sphere that are to be taken into consideration. The goal is to find equilibrium between the need to provide useful information to decision-makers and citizens and the minimization of the intrusion in the private life of individuals. It is also necessary to prevent data and infrastructure abuses by deliberated attacks or by an excessive zeal of implicated actors. Other challenges lie in the distributed nature and still fragmented approaches of the Internet of Things. Already today, the richness of technological bricks exists, such as sensors and actuators, wi-fi and low-energy networks, cloud solutions for the processing of big data volumes, as well as the efficient methods of intelligent data analysis. However, the realization and exploitation of reliable, secure and truly useful IoT systems still faces a lot of challenges.
Internet of Things; smart events; mobility; physical security; resource management; sensor networks, cloud computing; intelligent data analysis, mobile sensing, social network.
Partners: University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland (HES-SO), Paleo festival, SecuTix